The Motley Fool

Can Barrick Gold Corp. Survive If Gold Drops to $1,000?

Over the past three years, gold prices have tumbled from nearly $1,900 per ounce to just over $1,200. And it’s practically impossible to predict where prices will head from here.

That being said, there’s a serious possibility that prices could fall further. Over a third of gold demand comes from investors, and if gold looks like a less-appealing investment (say, due to rising interest rates), then that demand could fall. Furthermore, gold is still relatively expensive by historical standards.

So with this in mind, you have to wonder what happens to the gold miners if prices fall further. Because if you’re thinking of investing in a miner’s shares, this is a very serious risk. On that note, below we take a look at Barrick Gold Corp. (TSX: ABX)(NYSE: ABX), and ask what would happen if gold fell to $1,000 per ounce.

Some strong cost-cutting

Needless to say, Barrick has had countless problems for many years. The gold price plunge was just the latest. And in response, the company has cut costs drastically. The latest quarterly numbers illustrate that fact.

In Q2 of this year, all-in sustaining costs came in at $865 per ounce, down from $910 the previous year. Even more dramatically, all-in costs (which include growth-related capital expenditures) fell to $945 from $1,267, primarily from suspending the failed megaproject Pascua Lama.

So with these costs under $1,000, does that mean Barrick can survive another gold price drop?

Some quick math

If Barrick meets its guidance this year, it will produce 6.25 million ounces at a “sustaining” cost of $920 per ounce. So at a gold price of $1,000 per ounce, that would equal $500 million in gross profit. Subtract from that roughly $800 million in interest payments.

So this scenario would result in losses of about $300 million per year, pretax. With over $2.5 billion in cash, it appears that Barrick can survive a further correction for quite some time.

The news gets worse

Unfortunately, the analysis above leaves out a few critical points. Most importantly, it assumes that Barrick can maintain production. This assumption may not be valid, precisely because mines are always depleting, and big expenditures are always required to maintain production levels.

To illustrate, Barrick produced 7.2 million ounces of gold last year, so production has already shrunk substantially. Part of this has been due to selling high-cost mines, but production at many existing mines has shrunk as well.

So if Barrick remains unwilling to spend big dollars (or is unable to get an adequate return on investment), and production falls as a result, then the company’s $13 billion in debt will become an even greater burden. This presents a serious risk for shareholders.

The verdict

As it stands, the company’s cash balance will keep the company afloat, even under the direst of circumstances. But the risk of a gold price fall is still too much to ignore. You should avoid shares of Barrick.

Luckily, there are better alternatives. The free report below reveals five of them.

Just Released! 5 Stocks Under $49 (FREE REPORT)

Motley Fool Canada's market-beating team has just released a brand-new FREE report revealing 5 "dirt cheap" stocks that you can buy today for under $49 a share.
Our team thinks these 5 stocks are critically undervalued, but more importantly, could potentially make Canadian investors who act quickly a fortune.
Don't miss out! Simply click the link below to grab your free copy and discover all 5 of these stocks now.

Claim your FREE 5-stock report now!

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium service or advisor. We’re Motley! Questioning an investing thesis — even one of our own — helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer, so we sometimes publish articles that may not be in line with recommendations, rankings or other content.

Fool contributor Benjamin Sinclair has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Two New Stock Picks Every Month!

Not to alarm you, but you’re about to miss an important event.

Iain Butler and the Stock Advisor Canada team only publish their new “buy alerts” twice a month, and only to an exclusively small group.

This is your chance to get in early on what could prove to be very special investment advice.

Enter your email address below to get started now, and join the other thousands of Canadians who have already signed up for their chance to get the market-beating advice from Stock Advisor Canada.