There’s a Difference Between Moat Width and Moat Durability

Canadian National Railway (TSX:CNR)(NYSE:CNI) has a durable and wide moat. But other firms out there may only have a wide one. Here’s how to spot key differences.

| More on:
calm, no emotion

As a do-it-yourself investor, you’re probably very familiar with the concept of an economic moat, a term coined by Warren Buffett. Such a moat is defined as having a durable competitive advantage, which serves to protect a business’s long-term market share from potential competitors.

In an age where technological disruption has become the norm, the moat concept, I believe, has become as important as ever. It’s not just tech firms that are subject the intense disruption. Have a look at any industry, and odds are, there’s a firm out there that is leveraging technology to its advantage to steal a meaningful chunk of market share away from some low-tech incumbent(s). From banking to restaurants, many industries are vulnerable. Heck, even the mattress industry isn’t immune from technological innovators.

Thus, over the next five years and beyond, moat erosion, or the “narrowing” of economic moats, I believe, will become a major source of concern for buy-and-hold-forever investors. This does not mean such an incredibly long-term strategy will not work in the digital age, however. The strategy will still be effective, though investors will really need to do more homework to recognize forward-looking trends and potential headwinds that may weaken a firm’s economic moat with time.

Having a look at the “risks” section of an annual report is a great place to start. An investor will have plenty of food for thought, but their research shouldn’t stop there, as there are many other unforeseen risks that aren’t included in a firm’s issued reports. Thus, a considerable amount of research will need to be done to determine if a “forever” stock is really suitable for the duration you’re intending to hold the stock for.

Moat durability isn’t the same as moat width

You’re likely familiar with the definition of moat width, or how effective a durable competitive advantage is in preventing new entrants from stealing its market share.

Moat durability, however, is how vulnerable a moat stands to be over the long term. In other words, think of moat durability as a low rate of moat erosion or narrowing a firm may expect to see over the course of many years or decades.

Consider Loblaw Companies Ltd. (TSX:L) before the rise of e-commerce. The company had a ridiculously wide moat, but it clearly wasn’t the most durable moat, as the moat inevitably eroded and will continue to with e-commerce grocers looking to penetrate the markets that Loblaw serves.

Over a decade ago, Loblaw had a vast amount of physical locations and the cheapest of prices out there. For many consumers, convenience and cheapness were key determinants in where they’d do their weekly grocery haul. At the time, it seemed like no external factors could stop the grocer (or its peers) from having the edge over potential entrants.

Fast forward to today, and Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ:AMZN) is poised to capture what could be a majority of Loblaw’s market share over a ridiculously short period of time. Amazon is an expert when it comes to low-margin retail, and given its incredible logistics, the two advantages (convenience and low cost of goods sold) Loblaw previously had in its markets of operation may suddenly go up in smoke at the hands of a digital disruptor.

Looking back, it’s apparent that Loblaw had a wide, but non-durable moat before the days of digital disruption. Thus, to ensure a wide moat is also durable, one must carefully analyze what durable competitive advantages serve as building blocks to such a moat and whether or not they’ll be in jeopardy should an innovator come up with a more favourable solution down the road.

With moat durability in consideration, the list of wide and durable moat stocks is quite slim. But such firms do exist, and investors should be comfortable backing up the truck on such firms if they’ve got an extremely long-term investment horizon (+10 years). Canadian National Railway (TSX:CNR)(NYSE:CNI) has a moat that’s both wide and durable in spite of potential accelerating technological disruptions.

Stay hungry. Stay Foolish.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium service or advisor. We’re Motley! Questioning an investing thesis — even one of our own — helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer, so we sometimes publish articles that may not be in line with recommendations, rankings or other content.

Fool contributor Joey Frenette owns shares of Canadian National Railway. John Mackey, CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. David Gardner owns shares of Amazon and Canadian National Railway. The Motley Fool owns shares of Amazon and Canadian National Railway. Canadian National Railway is a recommendation of Stock Advisor Canada.

More on Dividend Stocks

investment research
Dividend Stocks

Young Investors: Create Cash Flow With This Top Dividend Stock

If you're a young investor looking for cash flow, you need a strong dividend stock and solid banking program designed…

Read more »

Hand writing Time for Action concept with red marker on transparent wipe board.
Dividend Stocks

3 Superb Dividend Stocks I’m Ready to Buy

The market is full of great options for income-seeking investors. Here are three superb dividend stocks to buy now.

Read more »

Payday ringed on a calendar
Dividend Stocks

Gen Z Investors: Create a Stable Passive-Income Stream of $188/Month for Retirement

This passive-income stock is perfect for Gen Z investors who don't have much to invest but want to see stable,…

Read more »

exchange-traded funds
Dividend Stocks

2 ETF Bargains You Shouldn’t Miss in 2022

Index ETFs are only discounted when there is a market-wide slump, which is rarer than sector-specific dips, so you should…

Read more »

House Key And Keychain On Wooden Table
Dividend Stocks

2 Real Estate Stocks to Add Growth to Your Portfolio

The right real estate investments, whether they are properties or real estate stocks, usually offer a decent mix of income…

Read more »

Canadian energy stocks are rising with oil prices
Dividend Stocks

2 Canadian Energy Stocks With Ridiculously Fast-Growing Dividends

Canadian energy stocks are gushing cash and there's plenty left for shareholders. Here are two stocks for ridiculously fast-growing dividends

Read more »

retirees and finances
Dividend Stocks

Retirees: 2 Top TSX Dividend Stocks to Buy for TFSA Passive Income

These industry leaders pay attractive dividends for a portfolio focused on passive income.

Read more »

Canadian stocks are rising
Dividend Stocks

2 High-Quality Real Estate Plays to Buy for High-Yielding Dividends

Take advantage of the housing market cooldown by investing in these two quality REITs.

Read more »